Discipline - Clinical Pathology
Urine microscopy
Facility level:
Assay formats
Microscopic examination; May require staining procedures for microbial pathogens (e.g. Gram stain, modified Ziehl–Neelsen stain)
Status history
First added in 2020
Purpose type
Aid to diagnosis
To aid in the diagnosis of kidney and urologic diseases by detecting the presence of cells (white blood cells, red blood cells, epithelial cells), casts and crystals in urine sediment; To detect the presence of pathogens
Specimen types

Summary of SAGE IVD recommendation

General In vitro diagnostics tests are the general core and routine laboratory tests for clinical chemistry, haematology, blood transfusion, microbiology (virology, bacteriology, parasitology and mycology) and histopathology. These tests were selected on the basis of the scientific validity of an analyte, i.e. the association between an analyte and a clinical condition or physiological state; and clinical utility. Many of these tests are required for effective management of patients and have already been described in WHO publications.

Details of submission from 2020

The inclusion of this entry was based on WHO guidelines and technical reports that include recommendations for the appropriate IVDs.